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Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS)

Children develop quickly in the early years, and early years practioners aim to do all they can to help children have the best possible start in life. Children have a right to provision which enables them to develop their personalities, talents and abilities irrespective of ethnicity, culture or religion, home language, family background, learning difficulties, disabilities or gender. The EYFS helps adults to understand and support each child's develpoment pathway.

There are four themes that underpin the EYFS guidance;

A Unique Child~ Every child is a unique child who is constantly learning and can be resiliant, capable, confident and self-assured.

Positive Relationships~ Children learn to be strong and independent
 through positive relationships.

Enabling Environments~ Children learn and develop well in enabling environments, in which their experiences respond to individual needs and there is a strong partnership between practitioners and parents and carers.

Learning and Development~ Children develop and learn in different ways. The EYFS covers the education and care of all children in early years provision, including children with special educational needs and disabilities.

The EYFS is split into different areas of learning and development.
These are either Prime areas or Specific areas.

Prime areas of learning and development are fundamental, work together, and move through to support development in all other areas.

The Prime areas are;

 Personal, Social and Emotional Development
 Communication and Language
 Physical Development


Specific areas of learning and development include essential skills and knowledge for children to participate successfully in society.


The Specific areas are;

 Literacy
 Mathematics
 Understanding the World
 Expressive Arts and Design

 

Characteristics of Effective Learning
The Characterisitcs of Effective Learning and the Prime and Specific areas of learning and development are all interconnected.

Children reach out to relate to people and things through the Characterisitcs of Effective Learning, which move through all areas of learning.

These Characterisitcs are
 Playing and Exploring (engagement)
 Activie Learning (motivation)
 Creating and Thinking Critically (thinking)

 
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